AskDefine | Define rectory

Dictionary Definition

rectory n : an official residence provided by a church for its parson or vicar or rector [syn: parsonage, vicarage]

User Contributed Dictionary



  1. The residence of Roman Catholic priest(s) associated with a parish church.
  2. The residence of an Anglican rector.


residence of Roman Catholic priest

Extensive Definition

Depending on denomination, local custom, and the status of the minister, the building inhabited (or formerly inhabited) by the leader of a local Christian church can be referred to by one of several names. In Roman Catholic churches it is often called a rectory, sometimes a presbytery. Traditionally, Catholic rectories housed several priests from a parish, as opposed to other denominations where the church leader is often married and raising children.
In churches that are members of the Anglican Communion, the building will most commonly be called a rectory or vicarage, depending on the status of the incumbent. Methodists might refer to it as a manse or parsonage, while the latter is quite frequently used in English-speaking Lutheran churches. Manse is the usual name for the house of a Church of Scotland minister. These homes are traditionally owned and maintained by the church, as a benefit to their minister. The practice continues to this day in many denominations because of the tendency of church officials to be sent from one church to another at relatively frequent intervals. Many buildings described as "vicarage" or "rectory" that are sold by the church retain their former names, often qualified, such as "The Old Rectory", etc.

See also

rectory in Czech: Fara
rectory in Danish: Pastorat
rectory in German: Pastorat
rectory in French: Presbytère
rectory in Italian: Canonica
rectory in Lithuanian: Klebonija
rectory in Dutch: Pastorie
rectory in Japanese: 牧師館
rectory in Polish: Plebania
rectory in Silesian: Fara
rectory in Swedish: Pastorat

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

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